Living in the world does not only require learning a new language but also adapting to a culture according to place. Each culture has its customs and traditions. Which can be very different- even shocking- from your own culture. In this blog, we are going to describe some traditions and customs from various countries. Which may describe u from different traditions.
The ethnic clothing worn by people who reside in the country of Pakistan. And are of Pakistani descent are representative of the culture of the nation. It is an amalgamation of the different ideologies of the people of the country. The clothing also takes into account the weather conditions of the region. Pakistani clothing also showcases similarities to ethnic groups of central Asia. Of course today, many youngsters in Pakistan have embraced the Western style of clothing.
Shalwar kameez (shalwar qameez) is the national dress of Pakistan. Shalwars loose pants designed in various styles. The shalwar tied at the waist with the help of a drawstring. More recently, elastic also used in place of a drawstring. The fit is generally baggy or tapering. Narrow tight-fitting shalwars are known as churidars. The kameez is the large and loose-fitting tunic, worn with the baggy shalwar. Men, as well as women, wear the same attire. With a difference in the color of the cloth, fitting, silhouettes and the embellishments used.
Men also prefer Sherwani and vest along with the shalwar kameez. Kandahari or Jinnah cap also commonly paired with a Sherwani or a shalwar kameez. A Sherwani, a long coat worn with a shalwar and generally made from heavy fabrics.
Shalwar kameez and lehenga, the traditional attire worn by women in Pakistan. While shalwar kameez also worn as a daily wear. Lehenga is a typical attire for ceremonies and special occasions. Interesting patterns woven with lace are used to add a feminine element to the lehenga.
Women also wear a dupatta with both shalwar kameez and lehenga. Dupattas are long yards of cloth; their colors and patterns are coordinated as per the entire ensemble. Women also wear scarves or shawls with the salwar kameez in the chilly winters.
Apart from the traditional clothing, Pakistanis also don western attire including shirts, trousers, jeans, etc. However, traditional clothing definitely has a strong foothold in the modern society of Pakistan even today.
It is difficult to define traditional American clothing, as its fashion has been exported around the world. Some essential items of traditional American clothing include the iconic blue jeans, the t-shirt, and the baseball and cowboy hats. As it is very rapid in fashion field trends changes on and on there.
There are many varieties of traditional Mexican clothing, depending on ethnic group, gender, and social status. Traditionally, women wore a skirt called the “huipil” (a richly embroidered cotton blouse). A “rebozo” (a long scarf covering the head and shoulders). Men’s clothing was very European-inspired. Items consisting of trousers and shirts, and also the more traditional “scrape” (a blanket-like shawl often of brightly colored wool). During the Carnival, men wear the “Charro” outfit (referring to a traditional horseman, see image), which consists of the iconic sombrero.
Now, to this day, Mexican traditional clothing and designs flourish at all times of the year. Especially on dresses, pants, blouses, shirts, skirts, jewelry and even shoes.
From region to region, traditional Brazilian clothing varies a lot.
During Carnival, women wear bright bikinis with feathered and jeweled adornments. In the southern plains region of Brazil, the Gauchos wear bombachas (baggy trousers), ponchos, straw hats, and leather boots. The vaqueros in the Northeast region wear a coat, hat, and leather chaps. In the Amazon, native Amerindians wear tunics and paint their faces, accompanied with beads around their necks.
Many Ethiopians have adopted the European-clothing style. Traditionally, however, Ethiopians wear clothes made of woven cotton. Men wear Gabbi (handmade cloth worn over the shoulders and upper body). Women often wear kemis (tunic, dress, which is the traditional attire of Habesha women. And netela (handmade cloth used to cover the head)with colored embroidered woven crosses. Some ethnic groups wear their own type of traditional clothing. Certain tribes, for instance, cover parts of their bodies with leather. While others do not wear any clothes but paint and decorate their bodies.
The Igbo women of Nigeria traditionally wear wraps. Igbo men generally wear cotton wrappers, shirts, and sandals. The Yoruba people are renowned for their exquisite clothing. Which symbolizes social status and wealth. Yoruba women wear Gele, a traditional cloth which they wrap around their heads. Agbada is a robe that men often wear over their clothes during formal events. A bubba, which can be worn by both men and women is a loose blouse with long sleeves. Iros are long wrap-around skirts, and Sokoto is loose trousers. Hausa-Fulani men wear a babban Riga, which is equivalent to the agbada. They also wear around cap called a fula, and women wear colorful wrappers called abaya. Western-style clothing is also very popular in Nigeria.
The traditional cloth of Ghana is the Kente, a very colorful fabric, entirely hand-woven by Ghanaian weavers. It is a mix of cotton and silk, and every design has a unique meaning. The Kente is worn for special occasions. Traditionally, women wear a long skirt with a bright short sleeved top, with bold patterns. They also wear long dresses and head wraps. Men usually wear a long smock over pants, which may be stripped or have some traditional symbols. Many people nonetheless wear Western-style clothes.
Iranian traditional clothing is a product of its Persian heritage. Men would traditionally wear a wide belt known as kamarband or cummerbund. They would also have headdresses, known as the sarband.
Traditionally, Iranian women wore trousers and a blouse, called a Pirahan, along with jackets and other over-garments. These jackets were generally decorated with heavy brocades and embroidery. Today, Iranian men have a dress code that is very close to Western outfits, including short-sleeved shirts and t-shirts.
Iranian women would also wear a large variety of jewelry. Following the revolution of 1979, Iranian women obliged by law to wear loose dresses and a head-covering. As such, scarves and veils have become a part of traditional clothing for women; headscarves called roo-sari. They also wear a roo-poosh, which is a knee-length coat, along with a long dress or pants.
Dhoti worn with a kurta, the traditional Indian clothing for men. Dhoti is a piece of cloth tied around the waist and legs. The kurta is a long loose shirt that falls below or just above the knees. Men also wear sherwani, which is a long coat that is buttoned up to the collar and falls below the knee. Turbans are headdresses that carry a lot of significance for Indians.
Women traditionally wear shalwar kameez, which is commonly referred to as Punjabi suit. Sari is also one of the beautiful dresses traditionally worn by women in India.
Western clothes are, however, very common in India.
As in each country, there are various types of traditional Chinese clothing. Traditional Han Chinese clothing (which became known as the Han Fu) refers to the clothing that the Han people used to wear. It consists of long gowns with a cross collar, wrapping the right layer over the left, no buttons, and loose wide sleeves.
The Chinese Suit (Tang Xhuang, see image) usually straight collared, with coiled buttons, and tailored in a Western manner but features Chinese colors and designs.
The Chinese Tunic Suit (Zhongshan Zhuang), which also called the Yat-sen Suit, has a turn-down collar and four pockets with flaps. Westerners call it the Mao suit, as Mao Zedong wore it quite frequently. It still worn today by Chinese leaders.
Western clothes are often used as daily, casual attire.
Each French region has its own traditional clothing, and they are very different from one region to another. Traditional French clothing is today a part of folklore and only worn during cultural celebrations. The iconic striped Breton shirt originally introduced for the French navy, but became a common fashion garment, particularly among the working class, in the early 20th century.
The beret, a common headdress in France made with rain-resistant wool fabric. It gained popularity in the 19th century when it included in the soldier’s uniform. The faluch, a traditional black beret adorned with bright ribbons and badges worn by French students. The badges on the faluche recall the life of the student. Today, the tradition lives on!
The colonial bush experience shaped Australian dress with a preference for strong cotton drill or khaki pants, worsted wool coats, oilskin coats, rabbit-fur felt hats and elastic-sided work or riding boots. Brightly-colored print shirts inspired by the Pacific Islands have also made it into traditional Australian clothing. The beach experience in Australia has led to surfboard shorts, singlets, colorful shirts and flip-flops to integrate Australian national dress code.
Local Aborigines, Australia’s indigenous peoples, traditionally wore little clothing. They often had a vast selection of jewelry and accessories, from necklaces to hair combs and headbands, to waistbands and belts, headdresses and masks. They usually wore clothes that reflected the elements of the landscape. In more rainforest-like areas cloth beaten from the tree fiber, while in other areas, people used kangaroo skin as clothing.
Traditional Spanish clothing is a fascinating mixture of Roman, Spanish, Arab, Berber and Latin influences. The mantilla, a traditional headscarf made of lace, which covers the head and shoulders. Traditional clothing also includes the gilet, a sleeveless jacket which can go down to the knees and generally straight-sided. The traje de Flamenca, the dress wear by female flamenco dancers. It is a long dress with ruffles in the skirt and in the sleeves and generally brightly colored
Men would traditionally wear high waist trousers with a short jacket (traje corto), linked together by a wide colored scarf on the waist. They also frequently wore hats. Spanish bullfighters renowned for wearing well-fitting, beautifully ornamented costumes. The costume includes a silk jacket, which has extremely detailed gold embroidery. Knee-length tight pants, white or brightly colored stockings, a Monteraa (a black bicorne hat) and black shoes.
Traditional Swedish clothing generally consists of folk garments. In 1903, Marta Palme designed and promoted a Swedish national folk-dress (Folkdräkt, see image) as a way to unite people around national pride. It only became the official national folk dress after Quen Silvia wore it in 1983. It is blue and yellow, like the Swedish flag. The dress consists of an apron (fork blade), a neck scarf (sjan) with a variety of designs, a head covering (huvudbonad) and a waist bag worn outside the skirt or pants.
Each French region has its own traditional clothing, and they are very different from one region to another. Traditional French clothing today look as part of folklore and only worn during cultural celebrations.
The iconic striped Breton shirt originally introduced for the French navy, but became a common fashion garment, particularly among the working class, in the early 20th century. The beret, a common headdress in France made with rain-resistant wool fabric. It gained popularity in the 19th century when it included in the soldier’s uniform. The faluche, a traditional black beret adorned with bright ribbons and badges worn by French students. The badges on the faluche recall the life of the student. Today, the tradition lives on!
Traditional clothing is highly representative of a country’s history, climate, customs and the diverse ethnic groups who inhabit them. As such, each country has various traditional clothing, some of which are specific to certain regions. Moreover, many traditional clothes across the world no longer work on a daily basis; they mainly used during festivals as national symbols. Western-style clothing has indeed become the predominant style of casual dress across countries.