Health Issues In Underdeveloped Countries

Some great scientist gave an opinion that underdeveloped countries are those which “Compared with the advanced countries are under-equipped with capital in relation to their population and natural resources”. The underdeveloped country includes many problems in which there are low standards of living, rising level of poverty, low per capita income, low consumption levels, poor and old health services, high death rates, high birth rates and these types of countries depend on foreign countries aid.

In underdeveloped countries, we mean countries that have been unable to utilize the opportunities introduced by modern and social technology and have failed to provide comfort to their population. Stress, overwork, and inadequate, inaccessible, or non-existent health care can hinder recovery and reason of causing severe diseases in the nation. Some of the hurdles  described below:

Contaminated water

  • One of the main causes of poor health is an unhygienic supply of water. Each year many children and adults die as a result of a lack of access to clean drinking water and poor sanitation. Many combinable diseases in nation spread as a result of inadequate access to clean drinking water. According to UNICEF, 3,000 children die every day, worldwide due to contaminated drinking water and poor sanitation which is very shameful and awful thing to hear.
  • Although the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of halving the number of people who did not have access to clean water by 2015, reached five years ahead of schedule in 2010, there are still millions of people who rely on unimproved water sources and poor sanitation system. In 2010 the United Nations declared access to clean water a fundamental human right, as compared to the achievement of other rights. This made it justifiable to permit governments to make sure their populations access to clean water. Though water has improved for some areas still it continues to be difficult for women and children. Women and girls bear most of the burden for accessing water and supplying it to their household’s needs.
  • In UDC women are required to travel long distances in order to get a clean water source and then bring some water home. This has a significant impact on girls’ educational attainment.
  • There have been further efforts to improve water quality using new technology which allows water to be purified immediately. Clean water is necessary for cooking, cleaning, and laundry because many people come into contact with a disease-causing pathogen through their food, or while bathing or washing etc.

Poor Sanitation:

  • Contaminated water and inadequate sanitation are related to diseases of poverty such as malaria, parasitic diseases, asthma, typhoid, pneumonia etc. These diseases are very harmful to human health.
  • Sanitation is provided in most developing areas, but the death rates are not significantly reduced. One of the reasons that water-related diseases are still occurring is because of the poor and corrupt system in poor countries.To effectively decrease diseases, water should be provided to poor people at home instead of from outside, or from drawing water from wells or rivers. Therefore, in addition to the installation of standpipes, water supplies, and sanitation should be provided within houses.

Poor Nutrition:

  • Malnutrition, the immune system, and infectious diseases operate in a cyclical manner: As we all know nutrients are essential for human health. Nutritional deficiencies can lower the strength of the immune system which affects the body’s ability and body causing infections. Similarly, malnutrition further divided into two parts i.e. “macronutrients’ (such as protein and energy) and “micronutrients” (such as iron, zinc, and vitamins) increase susceptibility to HIV infections by interfering with the immune system and we pass through the deficiency of energy.

  Poverty:

  • The Poverty is the main hurdle in under developing countries. Poverty and disease tied closely together.  Many diseases that affect the poor life are just because of poverty. Due to lack of money a poor man can’t help themselves and cannot go to concern a good and qualified doctor and he cannot afford the expenses of big hospitals. As a result, their diseases get in worst conditions. The majority of diseases and related mortality in poor countries is due to preventable, treatable diseases for which medicines and treatment regimens are readily available.
  • Poor hygiene, ignorance in health-related education, non-availability of safe drinking water, inadequate nutrition and indoor pollution factors occurred by poverty. The government should provide free medicines; more clinics and hospitals should construct. Hospitals should run by qualified staff and senior experienced doctors. Rich and poor people treated equally. If someone can’t afford the treatment expenses there should be a free treatment for poor people.

 

Diseases:

  • Together, diseases of poverty kill approximately 14 million people annually. Diarrhea results in about 1.8 million deaths in children yearly with most of these in the world’s poorest nations.
  • Treatable childhood diseases are another perspective which has higher rates in poor countries despite the availability of cures for decades. These include measles, pertussis, and polio. These kinds of diseases also rise due to poverty.
  • Three other diseases, measles, pneumonia, and diarrheal diseases, are also closely related to poverty. They are often included with AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis in broader definitions and discussions of diseases of poverty.

Malaria:

  • Africa is famous for a majority of malaria infections and deaths worldwide. Over 80 percent of the 300 to 500 million malaria infections occurring annually worldwide are in Africa. Each year, about one million children under the age of five die from malaria. Children who are poor, have illiterate mothers, and live in rural areas are more susceptible to malaria and more likely to die from it. ).
  • Poorly designed sanitation and water systems, inadequate housing, poor waste disposal and water storage, deforestation and loss of biodiversity, all may be leading factors to the most common diseases, including malaria, dengue, and typhoid.
  • The health impacts of environmental risks are heaviest among poor and vulnerable populations in developing countries. The poor in developing countries generally have the least access to clean water sources, and those same populations also may be the most directly exposed to environmental pollution.

Diarrhea:

  • Diarrhea, a very harmful disease found in poor countries due to lack of facilities and poverty, Diarrhea explained by the World Health Organization (WHO). Its symptoms are three or more loose or liquid stools per day or having more stools than a normal person.It often lasts for a few days and can result in dehydration due to fluid loss and body feel down due to lack of water. Signs of dehydration often are a loss of the normal stretchiness of the skin and irritable and frustrated behavior. This can progress to decreased urination, pale skin color, a fast heart rate, and a decrease in responsiveness of activity as it becomes more severe.
  • The most common cause is an infection of the intestines due to a virus, bacteria, or parasite. These infections often occurred from food or unhygienic water that has been contaminated by stool, or directly from another person who is infected by this disease.
  •  It further divided into three types: limited duration watery diarrhea, short duration bloody diarrhea, and if it exists more than two weeks, then it called persistent diarrhea. The short duration watery diarrhea may occur due to an infection by cholera.
  • Prevention of infectious diarrhea can be improved by proper sanitation, clean drinking water, and hand washing with hand wash.  When people have diarrhea it recommended that they continue to eat healthy and organic food and babies continue to be breastfed.

 Asthma:

  • More than 300 million people worldwide are suffering from asthma. The rate of asthma increases and in many parts of the world those who develop asthma do not have access to medication and medical care of asthma. In the United States, African Americans and Latinos are more likely to suffer from severe asthma than whites. The disease closely tied to poverty, under developing and poor living conditions. Asthma also being observed in children in low-income countries. Children developing the risk of asthma because of cigarette smoke.
  • As compared to many other Western countries, the rising rate of asthma is at a higher rate in the United States from last two decades. Studies have told us that asthma mortality concentrated in inner-city neighborhoods raised by poverty and large populations and this affects both genders no matter what the age is.
  • Asthma continues to have adverse effects on the health of the poor people. School attendance rates among poor children which belong to underdeveloped countries. 10.5 million days of school missed each year due to this infectious disease(asthma)

Cardiovascular disease:

  • Although heart disease not only found in poor. There are aspects of a life of poverty that contribute to the development of this disease. This category includes coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart attack. Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. There are no rules of this disease whether the one is rich or poor.
  • A study from around the world says that mostly heart disease rise due to poverty or many other financial problems. Poor diet, lack of exercise and limited access to a specialist are those factors which are related to poverty, though to contribute to heart disease. Both low income and low education had the main role in raising the rate of coronary heart disease. Those admitted to hospital in the poor countries for heart failure. Women and men have more ratio and heart failure suffers when they are mentally and financially depressed.

 

  • In the developing world, there is a 10 fold increase in cardiac issues in the black and urban populations. Prevention is done by this disease by eating healthy food. Cure disease in time, proper medication, hygiene environment, stress-free life.

Dental decay:

  • Dental decay or dental caries is the destruction of tooth enamel. Poverty is a significant determinant of oral health. Dental decay is one of the most common chronic diseases around the globe. In the United States, it is the most common chronic disease of childhood.
  • Risk factors for dental caries include living in poverty, poor education, low-quality foods, poverty found. It is positively correlated with dental caries among children due to sweets and chocolate addiction. According to a research by U.S health surveillance, tooth decay peaks earlier in life. It is more severe in children with families living below the poverty line. Tooth decay strongly linked to dietary behaviors, and in poor rural areas where nutrient foods, fruits, are unavailable. The over-consumption of sugary and fatty food increases the risk of dental decay and cavity takes its place on your teeth. Because the mouth is a gateway to the respiratory and digestive system. Oral health has a significant impact on other health outcomes. It also leaves an impact on the other person with whom you interact in your daily life.
  • Bad teeth or pale teeth definitely leave the bad impact on others and your confidence also loose. So to prevent these type of disease and embracement. Avoid sweets, take good care of your teeth, have a good mouth freshener near you. Concern dentist on time if you feel any pain or cavity in your mouth. Brush three times daily and live a healthy life.

I hope you will find this article helpful.

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