Thalassemia Disorder Types and their Symptoms


The Thalassemia is the inherited disorder of the blood. That passes from parents to children. In this disorder, the body makes hemoglobin in the abnormal form. The Hemoglobin is actually the protein molecules that carry oxygen in the red blood cells. This disorder also results in a large amount of red blood cells destruction. That may also lead to the anemia. Organ also becomes starved for the oxygen and does not work properly. Let’s take a look at the type of thalassemia.

Types of Thalassemia:

The thalassemia is of two types.

Thalassemia vs normal

  • The Alpha Thalassemia disease:

The first type of thalassemia is the alpha thalassemia disease. This disease has two types one is Hemoglobin H disease. In this condition, the body produces less blood cell as compared to the normal. Next is the alpha thalassemia Major (Hydrops Fetalis). It is the very serious and severe disease. In this severe type of anemia start to begins even before the birth. In this, the Pregnant woman also carrying the affected fetus. That is themselves is the risk of a serious pregnancy & the delivery complication.


Symptoms of Alpha Thalassemia:


The symptoms of Hemoglobin alpha thalassemia includes

  • The bone issue.
  • The forehead, cheeks, and the jaws might be overgrown.
  • Malnourishment
  • Enlarge spleen
  • Jaundice

The Hydrop fetalis is the severe form of the thalassemia. It mostly occurs before the birth. Most of the individual of this condition is either die shortly after the born or stillborn.

  • Beta Thalassemia disease:

Next type of thalassemia is the beta thalassemia. The Beta Thalassemia Major is also known as the Cooley’s anemia. It is the serious illness. The symptoms get to appear in the very 1st 2nd years of a life. It also includes the paleness of a skin, irritability, poor appetite, and the failure to grow. For this, the proper treatment is the routine transfusion of the blood and the other therapies.

Symptoms of Beta Thalassemia:

Following are the symptoms of the beta-thalassemia;

  • The serious anemia that is related to this disease is life-threatening.
  • Fusion
  • Paleness
  • Enlarged organs
  • Frequent infections
  • Failure to the thrive



The type and severity of this disease are important for the treatment of a thalassemia. Following four treatments are available for this disorder:

  • The bone marrow transplant
  • The transfusion of blood
  • The supplements and the medications
  • Surgery may also be done to remove the spleen or the gallbladder


Facts about the Thalassemia:

If you want to know that whether your child has the thalassemia or not. You may check this by his blood test. In case your child has this disease then following symptoms will be in his blood test report:

  1. Pale red blood cell
  2. Red blood cells will be smaller as compared to normal
  3. The low level of the red blood cell
  4. Uneven distribution of red blood cell which can be check by the microscope.

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